Frequent Asked Questions (FAQ)
Please click on your category of interest below to find answers to the most frequently asked questions (FAQ's) regarding Eucerin® products. If you would like more information, please
Acne Prone Skin
Is acne contagious?
Acne is not a contagious illness. Although acne is caused by acne bacteria, they are in no way contagious.
Is acne caused by poor hygiene?
Acne is not a sign of poor bodily hygiene. On the contrary: too frequent cleansing of the skin with aggressive cleansing products can irritate the skin even more. Nevertheless, you should take care to cleanse your skin twice daily with a mild, nondehydrating facial cleanser in order to remove excess sebum, sweat and dead skin cells from the skin. One should, in any case, avoid "fiddling around" with your fingers on the acne symptoms
Is acne a result of poor nutrition?
It has been known for quite some time that a diet too rich in carbohydrates (lots of sugar and white flour), as well as excessive consumption of cow's milk, is linked to the formation of acne. That's why it is important to examine your diet, especially when experiencing therapy-resistant symptoms during acne treatment.
Does the sun help against acne?
The sun's UV radiation has a cell-stimulating effect and leads to increased sebum production and a plugging of the sebaceous-gland follicle, and thus will also aggravate existing acne. What's more, many acne therapeutic drugs make the skin more light sensitive. The sun's rays should therefore be enjoyed in moderation and with protection.
How harmful is smoking to the skin?
Smoking seems to be both a contributing cause as well as an aggravating factor in acne: this is based on a hyperkeratotic effect. Nicotine is an acetylcholine (Ach) agonist and stimulation of the Ach receptors leads to hyperproliferation of keratinocytes.
Should I squeeze pimples?
Resist the temptation and try not to squeeze your pimples. This can injure your skin and promote inflammation and the formation of scars. It's preferable to go to a qualified cosmetician who is able to cleanse your skin professionally. Consult your doctor and find out how often a professional skin cleansing is recommended.
Does the pill help against acne?
Because acne is linked to hormonal imbalances and an increased sensitivity of the sebaceous-gland follicles, it can make sense for women to take contraceptive pills containing an anti-androgen component.
How can I prevent pimples after shaving?
The daily removal of parts of the upper skin layer can cause microlesions. Not-yet-matured skin cells thus get into contact with environmental influences (i). After shaving, the skin is more sensitive and more susceptible to irritation and infection.
Do I need special sun protection for blemished skin?
Contrary to popular opinion, UV radiation most often does not lead to an improvement in the skin, but rather to aggravation. That's why those affected should select sun protection which is also suitable for blemished skin e.g. special products from the Eucerin Sun Protection line.
How does the medical treatment of acne work?
After the dermatologist gives his/her diagnosis, the patient receives a prescription for a pharmaceutical that effectively treats acne. There are various factors to consider: sebum production and cornification in the openings of the sebaceous glands (i) need to be normalized; the acne bacteria need to be fought so that the inflammation can recede. The dermatologist defines whether the increased production of sebum or the disruption in cell shedding or whether the inflammation processes predominate. Depending on the individual condition of the skin, the dermatologist prescribes a single pharmaceutical (topical or ingestible) or a combination of two different drugs in order to address all the factors responsible for one's acne.
Does my medical insurance cover the costs of medical treatment?
This varies from yountry to country. In many countries this is the case as acne is considered an illness of the skin. Please check this directly with your health insurance.
What works against acne on my back?
Acne symptoms on your back are treated exactly the same way as on your face. To allow you to apply the prescribed pharmaceutical to the exact skin site on your back, it is advisable to get someone to be of assistance.
Is acne inherited?
Yes. Genetic predisposition plays a large part in acne. If both parents suffered from acne during their adolescence, then the likelihood is great that their children will also develop acne.
Should I consult a dermatologist when I have blemished skin?
Even for blemished skin, it makes sense to consult a dermatologist. He or she decides how to proceed and, if needed, can provide recommendations which products are suitable for improving the skin's condition and caring for blemished skin.
What can I do about reddening of the skin?
Reddening can be a sign of skin inflammation, that's why a suitable skin care product should also contain anti-inflammatory acitve ingredients like Licocalchone A. Alternatively, the dermatologist may prescribe a suitable pharmaceutical.
Should I avoid dairy products when I have acne?
Yes. It has been known for quite some time that a diet too rich in carbohydrates (lots of sugar and white flour) as well as excessive consumption of cow's milk can aggravate acne. That's why it is important to consider your diet, especially when experiencing therapy-resistant symptoms during acne treatment.
What can I do about pimples below the skin?
Under no circumstances should you try to treat them yourself. Consult a specialist doctor who will provide the necessary therapy.
Can I prevent pimples from forming when I first feel them coming on?
No, because the development of acne symptoms has already occurred in the skin. It can, however, be useful to support the healing process by using suitable skin care and cleansing products, or with a pharmaceutical therapy prescribed by your dermatologist.
Is acne an allergy?
Acne is not an allergic reaction to particular foods or external stimulation. Allergies manifest themselves characteristically in different ways and can thus be clearly identified as such
How do ursolic acid and ginkgo work?
Due to the natural ageing process but also due to sun exposure dermal collagen – responsible for the firmness of the skin - is decomposed.
In the traditional Chinese medicine the vessel dilating and perfusion stimulating effect of ginkgo biloba is known for centuries. The oxygen supply of cells improves,
collagen production is activated and free radicals (i) are quenched.
Ursolic acid can be extracted from varying medical plants like rosemary, peppermint and lavender. As an active ingredient in medical face care products ursolic acid stimulates the collagen synthesis and improves the inner firmness of the skin.
What is collagen and why is it important for the skin?
80% of the dermal connective tissue consists of collagen. Collagen is a protein that sustains the structure of the skin. Its network is significantly responsible for the skin´s firmness. Due to the natural ageing process and UV-exposure collagen is decomposed. The skin loses its tautness and firmness and wrinkles aggravate.
Therefore, active ingredients like ursolic acid, ginkgo biloba and arctiin with the ability to stimulate the collagen production are necessary to improve the appearance of wrinkles.
When do the effects of Eucerin® Anti-Age products become visible?
Clinical studies prove a visible wrinkle reduction after 5 weeks of regular use of the Eucerin® Q10 Active products.
Due to incorporated hyaluronic acid a visible short-term effect with a reduction of wrinkles becomes visible immediately after application of Eucerin® Hyaluron-Filler. Furthermore, stimulation of skin´s own hyaluronic acid production by saponin also guarantees long-term efficacy with an additional wrinkle reduction visibly after 4 weeks.
In clinical studies firmer facial skin could be measured after 4 weeks of regular use of Eucerin® Modelliance day and night care. Eucerin ® Anti-Pigment showed a visible reduction of hyperpigmentations after 8 weeks of regular application.
How does hyaluronic acid work?
Hyaluronic acid can be found in the whole body, but more than 50% of the total volume is located in the skin. Dermal hyaluronic acid is produced by special cells in the connective tissue – the fibroblasts. As the main component of the filling substance between the cells (connective tissue matrix) it supports the collagen and elastic fibres as well as the structure proteins of the dermis. Due to a high water binding capacity hyaluronic acid is able to increase its own volume extremely thus bolstering up the skin from inside out.
Since hyaluronic acid is natural component of the skin it is very well tolerated.
What is saponin?
Saponin is a natural plant component (e.g. soy bean, pea, lucerne) and an element of their natural defence and protection system. Saponin stimulates skin´s own hyaluronic acid production thus bolstering up the skin from inside out and reducing even deep wrinkles visibly.
Eucerin Research proved that treatment with Eucerin® Hyaluron-Filler led to a 256% increased hyaluronic production in-vitro compared to untreated control.
Dry And Atopic Skin
Itching - is rapid relief possible?
Various factors like medications, allergies, skin affections or internal diseases can trigger itching. If you have been suffering from itchy skin over a long period, please visit your physician to find out the possible cause.
If itching is particularly agonizing; if moisturizing lotions aren't enough, scratching is not the answer because it often makes the itching worse and a vicious cycle starts. Try Eucerin® Dry Skin Relief Soothing Spray to break this cycle. It relieves itching immediately and cools, relaxes and soothes your skin.
The cortisone-free combination of polidocanol + evening primrose oil + glycerin is highly skin compatible and has proven very effective.
What's the difference between Omega and Urea?
Urea (synonym: carbamide) is a moisturizing factor that naturally occurs in the skin. Patients with extremely dry and flaky skin have a urea (i) deficit. Moisturizing the skin with products containing urea (i) replenishes the skin and makes it smooth again.
Atopic eczema (neurodermatitis), a special form of dry skin, is caused additionally by a lack of essential fatty acids. In addition to leaving skin raw and flaky, it can lead to inflammation. Ideal for this skin condition, Eucerin® Omega products contain evening primrose oil with a high content of essential fatty acids produced from a biologically controlled crop.
What can I do if I suffer from dry, itchy scalp?
If you have a dry, flaky itchy scalp or suffer from atopic eczema, try to use shampoos with as few tensides as possible. To avoid further irritation, avoid products with fragrances, colorants and alcohol. We recommend Eucerin® Dry Skin Relief Shampoo with 5% Urea which can be used daily. Proven to prevent the scalp from becoming drier, it also relieves itching with polidocanol.
If you suffer from atopic eczema, try hair and scalp moisturizing oils (e.g. burdock root oil) or special treatments for dry, stressed hair also proven effective. Be aware of the penetration time of these products and make sure to wash out as much as possible with Eucerin® Dry Scalp Relief Shampoo with 5% Urea. If you have fine or short hair, you can also treat your scalp with replenishing and moisturizing body care products. For example, apply the product in the evening and carefully wash out the remaining product the next morning. Avoid blow-drying with hot air, which can make the condition worse. Also you should refrain from hair colouring, bleaching, highlights and perms.
Why are Eucerin Dry Skin products fragrance-free?
Irritant dermatitis is a condition that causes skin to react to a particular irritant in a product. The most common irritants are fragrances, which are found in many skin, hair care and cleansing products. Since fragrances are the most common causes of reactions, Eucerin developed Dry Skin products specifically without fragrance for patients with skin irritations, allergies and eczema. Without a fragrance the actual odor of the ingredients or the packaging can be observed.
What's evening primrose oil?
Natural evening primrose oil, which contains beneficial linolenic and gamma linolenic acids, has long proven effective in relieving atopic eczema. Its high content of essential fatty acids makes evening primrose oil particularly effective when it comes to regenerating and revitalizing the skin. The plant with North American origins was highly valued by the Native Americans for its healing powers. Its name comes from the fact that its bright yellow blossoms don't bloom until the evening. The oil-rich seeds from the plant can only be harvested every two years, making evening primrose oil highly valued.
The Eucerin® Omega range uses only high quality, pure evening primrose oil from biologically controlled crops. Using Eucerin® Omega can significantly improve the skin's appearance especially in atopic skin.
Are overdoses or incorrect doses of urea (i) possible?
An overdose of the ingredient in the conventional sense isn't possible because urea (i) is a natural substance and the skin "absorbs" just as much as it needs to replenish itself. Dermatologists usually recommend starting with a concentration of at least 3% to see best results (smooth skin, relief from itching).
Children: Urea concentrations up to 5% In principle, the body's inherent urea (i) has no side effects and demonstrates the same effect in children as adults. Children's skin does exhibit several unique properties compared to adult skin because it is still in the development phase. For example, children have a greater body surface area in relation to body weight than adults. Therefore, the urea (i) concentration of children´s care products should be limited to a max. of 5%.
Face care: Urea concentrations up to 5% To protect the sensitive eyes/area around the eyes, use urea (i) concentrations up to 5%. This should achieve the desired effects in thin-skin areas and sensitive facial skin.
Acute inflammations: No urea (i)-application Urea should not be applied to acutely inflamed areas because the skin may feel an increased burning sensation. Instead, try products with evening primrose oil (Eucerin® Omega products), which also improve the skin's moisture by stabilizing the lipid metabolism.
What's urea (i)?
A colorless and fragrance-free solid substance at room temperature, Urea is synthesized from both anorganic salts, potassium cyanate and ammonium sulphate. We call urea (i) a "natural" substance because it is present in the outer epidermis of the skin as a natural integral component. However, the urea (i) used in our Eucerin® products is obtained synthetically.
Urea, one of the most important end products in protein metabolism, is found in almost all body fluids. Considered one of the skin's essential natural moisturizing factors (i) (NMF's), it gets into the outer skin layers through sweat. For people with dry skin, the concentration of urea (i) in the skin drops by 50%. For patients with flaky skin or atopic eczema, as well as mature skin, the loss is even more pronounced.
With increasing age, the body's inherent production of skin lipids and its ability to store water decreases. Skin becomes increasingly more dry, raw and flaky. Fine lines begin to appear. By topically supplying natural moisturizing factors (i), such as urea (i), skin's ability to hold moisture increases. Using moisturizers (i) daily rehydrates the top layers of the skin making it smoother, softer and better protected from the environment.
Are all facial skin products suitable for the eye area?
Products specifically developed for the eye area contain special lipid components with a very low spreading capacity to make sure they do not reach the eyes' conjunctiva (mucous membrane that lines the exposed portion of the eyeball and inner surface of the eyelids) and cause tears or burning. These ideal lipid components are usually used only in special eye products.
What does L-Arginine found in Eucerin® Re-Balance products do?
L-Arginine is an essential amino acid. For the Eucerin products it is obtained biotechnologically from sugar cane. L-arginine is a natural component of the skin which, as a natural moisturizing factor (NMF), increases the skin's moisture. In addition, as an amino acid, it helps to regulate the skin's acid base and supports its barrier function. Re-Balance Cream contains 1% L-arginine.
What ingredients and colorants are used in Eucerin® Anti-Redness products?
Licochalcone is the main substance from the extract of Chinese liquorice (INCI: Glycyrrhiza Inflata extract). Possessing anti-inflammatory properties licochalcone blocks the release of inflammation mediators in various skin cells. The green colour pigments are stated in accordance with INCI (International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients) with the following colour index numbers:
- CI 77288: Chromium Oxide Green (Cr2O3)
- CI 77289: Chromium Hydroxide Green (Cr2O3•nH2O)
- CI 77007 : Ultramarines (e.g. Al6Na8O24S2S)
- CI 77492: Iron Oxides (HFeO2 • nH2O)
and Titanium Dioxide as a white pigment and physical sunscreen.
Can the Eucerin® Anti-Redness products be used with dermatological prescribed medications?
The Anti-Redness range is compatible with medical creams containing Metronidazol and Azelaic Acid. To achieve a best possible result these products should be applied after thorough cleansing (e.g. Eucerin® Anti-Redness Soothing Cleanser). As soon as the medical cream is absorbed (about 10 or 15 minutes depending on skin type) one of the Eucerin® Anti-Redness care products can be applied additionally. Furthermore, Metronidazol can be mixed into Eucerin® Anti-Redness Day Fluid or Night Cream at a concentration of 0.75%; this mixture can only be prescribed by a doctor.
What's shea butter?
As a natural, plant-based fat, shea butter is obtained by refining the seeds or kernels of the West African plant Butyrospermum Parkii (Bassia Parkii, Illipe parkii: from the Sapotaceae family). Butyrospermum grows in tropical Africa and is cultivated in the Sudan, Chad and Brazil. Indigenous people use it as a cooking fat, for soap, cosmetic purposes and illuminating oil. The fruits from the B. parkii also provide gutta-percha, a type of latex.
At room temperature, it is a soft, off-white to yellow-colored resin-like fat with an aromatic taste. Its chemical makeup is 6% palmitic acid, 41% stearic acid, 49% oleic acid and 4% linolenic acid. The high content of unsaturated fatty acids makes shea butter an excellent moisturizer. In concentrations between 2% and 5%, shea butter is used for elegant cosmetic facial skincare products, hand moisturizing lotions, lipsticks, make-up and special products for sensitive dry skin.
What's Coenzyme Q10?
Found in all body tissues Coenzyme Q10 (also known as ubiquinone) is very important for cells' energy supply. Coenzyme Q10 is a skin's own anti-oxidant proven to fight premature skin aging. Human Coenzyme Q10 has a specific chemical structure (which differs from microorganisms, plants and lower animals). The Q10 incorporated in Eucerin® products is biotechnologically produced with the help of yeast. This Q10 has the exact chemical structure as the Q10 found in the human body and can be absorbed and metabolized easily.
What happens when water gets into a bottle of Eucerin® pH5 Shower Oil?
Many Eucerin® products contain water-soluble or hydrophilic ingredients, as well as lipidic or hydrophobic ingredients. To enable these ingredients to mix with one another and to create a homogenous product, we add emulsifiers or ingredients with emulsifying properties. The composition of this mixture must be precisely balanced. If for example a large amount of water unintentionally gets into the bottle of Eucerin® pH5 Shower Oil the homogeneity of the product can be compromised. The additional water can lead to a consistency change in the product. The liquid shower oil is replaced by a gel-like mass that sits on the bottom of the bottle. The watery and gel-like portions seem to separate and you can no longer mix just by shaking. The product will not perform optimally. We suggest keeping it away from the shower spray and please do not add water.
How to achieve the best results with Eucerin Anti-Dandruff Shampoo?
You can certainly use Eucerin® Sensitive Scalp Anti-Dandruff Shampoo every day, but is not necessary. We recommend using it in intervals of 2 to 3 days to achieve full effectiveness.
The ingredients climbazol, octopirox and polidocanol fight dandruff in the long term. Climbazol and octopirox slow down the growth of yeast fungus and inhibit new dandruff from developing. Polidocanol soothes the scalp and relieves itching.
What is Enzyme Protection?
Eucerin® Skin Research developed a method to evaluate the activity of the enzyme trypsin present in the topmost layer of the skin. Lab tests proved that the Eucerin® Sensitive Skin cleansing products protect the enzyme activity and that the care products activate it to strengthen the skin's natural defenses from the inside out.
What is the active principle of the Eucerin pH5 products?
Eucerin® pH5 cleansing and moisturizing products contain very mild, dermatologically tested ingredients ideal for sensitive skin and sensitive dry skin. All Eucerin® pH5 products, which have excellent skin compatibility (i), protect your skin against daily environmental stress. The citrate buffers contained in all Eucerin® pH5 products naturally stabilize the hydrolipid film of the skin. Vitamin E and dexpanthenol protect your skin against free radicals (i).
Which sun protection products help with vitiligo?
In the case of vitiligo, an effective medical sun protection product is particularly important for the depigmented skin area. For this purpose in the Eucerin® Sun Protection product line Sun Creme 50+ and Sun Fluid 50+ are available.
With regard to further diagnosis and special treatment, you should also consult with your dermatologist.
What is Tinosorb®S?
Tinosorb®S (ingredient: Bis-ethylhexyloxyphenol Methoxyphenyl Triazine) is a highly effective, UV-stable broadband filter. That means the therapeutic spectrum covers both UVA and UVB radiation. Tinosorb® S is a chemical UV filter that primarily absorbs the UV radiation on the skin. This sun protection filter stands out from the other well-known broadband filters due to its high efficiency. In order to achieve comparable protection against UV radiation, a considerably lower concentration of Tinosorb® S is required. Also, the concentrations of the other filters additionally used can be considerably reduced through the use of Tinosorb®S.
Besides sun protection filters against UVA and UVB radiation, do Eucerin® Sun Protection products also protect against infrared radiation?
Our products offer no protection against infrared radiation because no damaging effect of infrared radiation has been known up to now, except in the cases of people heavily exposed to it, such as steelworkers. In contrast, the heat generated by insulation is a biological warning signal for the body to get out of the sun. Additionally, there are no corresponding filter substances that could be used in the products.
Which factors accelerate premature skin aging?
An increased UVB load means — according to the opinion of leading dermatologists — an increased risk of cancer. In contrast, the UVA radiation can lead to chronic sun-caused damages, such as premature skin aging. Although the external skin layer renews itself every four weeks from the bottom up, it shows considerable signs of such aging. Scars, wrinkles and other skin changes narrate what your skin has experienced. The skin forgets nothing, particularly not sunburn. Your skin heals itself on a purely superficial level, and though it’s invisible at first, sun-caused damage has been irrevocably burnt into the skin. During the course of your life, the consequences of excessive UV radiation emerge: Premature skin aging and under certain circumstances, even skin cancer. That is why it depends on your skin type and personal lifestyle as to when the first wrinkles appear.
Is the skin's sun protection period shortened by sweating?
The skin's actual protection time in the sun is not influenced by sweating. It depends on the person's pigmentation type, how accustomed the person is to the sun and the UVB intensity at the location of the radiation. It is determined by the following factors: Sun's position, geographical altitude, extent of air pollution, ozone content of the atmosphere, scattered radiation and reflection. At different locations during different times of the year you should expect considerably changing erythema (or redness) threshold times.
Does too much sun cause cancer?
Yes! The risk of developing skin cancer is related to UV exposure during life time. The so called non-melanoma skin cancers are mostly on chronically sun-exposed skin, especially on the head and nape. In contrast melanoma (dark skin cancer) is more related to acute, intensive irradiation, mainly during leisure activity with sunburn reactions.
Is it dangerous to be exposed to the sun if I have birthmarks?
People with birthmarks (naevi/nevi) should be careful in the sun. We recommend having an annual and thorough check-up from a dermatologist. Luckily, only very few people suffer from a multitude of "noticeable" birthmarks (dysplastic naevi). They have an increased risk of developing dark skin cancer (melanoma) and should keep sun exposure to a minimum.
Can I go out in the sun if I'm on medication?
Certain antibiotics and other medications make your skin sensitive to the sun and increase the risk of serious sunburn. Look up the relevant information on the packaging of your medication or consult your doctor or ask your pharmacists.
What's the best way to relieve sunburn?
In no way should you expose reddened or burned skin to the sun, even if you've applied sunscreen. Cold compresses help to relieve the skin because they draw the heat out. With burns, the body loses more fluid than normal, so you should drink a lot of water. If you experience serious sunburn with spreading redness or blisters, as well as have a fever and chills, please consult a doctor!
Should I get a "base tan" in a tanning bed?
No, we urgently advice against this. The lamps in tanning beds do not emit the natural UV spectrum of sun with UVA and UVB rays (i), rather only the long-wave UVA radiation. The result of this is that the skin does not become accustomed to the UVB radiation.
Can the Eucerin® Sun Protection Allergy Protection Sun Creme Gel SPF 25 also be used on children?
For (small) children we prefer to recommend sunscreen products without chemical sun protection filters to minimize the risk of contact allergies. However, if a "sun allergy" does occur, then as a rule, products should be used that help to improve this condition. That would be the Eucerin® Sun Protection Allergy Protection Sun Creme-Gel with sun protection factor 25, without emulsifiers and with AGR, a radical catcher that has been shown in clinical studies to improve and even completely suppress the symptoms. The most important measure, however, would be to protect yourself from the sun by wearing a T-shirt or some kind of cover-up. Also, children should be out in the direct sun as little as possible, though it is very difficult to hold them back, obviously...
Therefore, they should always wear clothing and a protective head covering (UV radiation comes through anyway) and apply sunscreen underneath!
Can I get a sun allergy even if I use the Eucerin Sun Protection Allergy Protection Sun Creme-Gel SPF 25?
Though the results of the study were impressive, it's not possible for the products to completely suppress sun allergies in every case. The appearance of symptoms depends primarily on the intensity of the UVA radiation in the environment, because it's primarily these rays that trigger the condition. UVA stress is very high at the beach and the ocean and especially near the equator. Water and sand also reflect the radiation.
What is alpha glucosyl rutin (AGR)? What is the effect of this ingredient?
Alpha glucosyl rutin (AGR) is a radical catcher with a high antioxidant effect - considerably stronger than vitamin E. The formation of highly reactive free radicals (i) in the skin is initiated by UV radiant energy. These free radicals (i) cause lipid oxidation and changes to the DNA. Radical catchers bond with these free radicals (i) and neutralize them.
Together with vitamin E, alpha glucosyl rutin forms a radical catcher complex that can be applied externally and which also significantly minimizes UV-induced oxidative stress. In clinical studies, we have demonstrated that sunscreen products with active cell protection and vitamin E can considerably reduce the symptoms of polymorphous light dermatosis (PLD), which is triggered by, among others, the formation of free radicals (i).
What should I do if I have a sun allergy?
The patented substance alpha glycosyl rutin (AGR) actively prevents sun allergies. AGR "intercepts" free radicals (i) that play a decisive role in the appearance of sun allergies, according to current tests. The special sun allergy protection product Eucerin® Sun Protection Allergy Protection Sun Creme-Gel SPF 25 uses this ingredient.
What is Mallorca acne?
Mallorca acne (also called Acne aestivalis) is an over-sensitivity reaction of the skin to UVA radiation which induces formation of free radicals (i) and certain cosmetic ingredients. As a result, the skin on the neckline, throat and shoulders becomes red and itches and burns. Special sun allergy protection products (Eucerin® Sun Protection Allergy Protection Sun Creme-Gel SPF 25) prevent this.
Do I have to apply sunscreen again after swimming even though the sunscreen is waterresistant?
The waterresistant test basis for Eucerin® Sun Protection products is geared toward the American FDA test standards. The protective product is applied to the underarm of a test person, and then the arm is held under water in a whirlpool for two intervals of 20 minutes each. Afterwards, the applied product on the underarm must still indicate 50% of the original protection level. However, the waterresistant test provides no information regarding the product's resistance to friction. Friction, such as drying off, sand contact, wind, causes up to 80% of the sun protection product to rub off onto a towel or to disappear. After swimming and drying off, you have to re-apply sunscreen, even waterresistant sun protection products. UV protection in and on the water is of particular importance because the water lets UV radiation pass through and its reflection increases its intensity. Especially during beach holidays, make sure to reapply sunscreen more often than the SPF would indicate. As soon as you have exceeded 2/3 of this time, the skin can be damaged even without it necessarily burning.
Which sunscreen products do not contain chemical sun protection factors?
Micropigment sun protection products contain no chemical sun protection filters. Protection against UVA and UVB radiation is achieved through the reflection of the light on the finest mineral particles (titanium oxide or zinc oxide). The fine particle sizes leave a smooth protective film on the skin, which can be guaranteed in products with a high sun protection factor (>25) only by means of a high portion of mineral pigments in the product. That's why you might get the so-called "white effect" on your skin that shows even distribution and a high level of protection. Showering with a regular shower gel easily removes this film.
What's the best way to protect children under 3 from the sun?
In general, babies under 7 months should not be exposed to direct sunlight. Energy-rich sunlight results in an extraordinarily high circulation stress in children's bodies. Avoid direct sun and protect babies from sunlight with appropriate clothing.
Starting at 7 months, you can try pure micropigment (e.g. titanium dioxide) products. The barrier function of the outer epidermal layer in children is only weakly developed, the skin's irritability and also the danger of allergy is higher. Micropigments protect children's sensitive skin by laying down a protective layer. In contrast to chemical filters, no allergies are induced. Starting at the age of 3, extra waterproof sunscreen products with a high SPF protect children's sensitive skin.
Active sun protection for all children:
- Never expose small children to direct sun (circulation stress, skin offers very little inherent protection)
- Avoid midday sun
- Stay in the shadow (e.g. under a sun umbrella)
- Wear light, but thickly woven clothing
- Wear a hat with broad brim
- Wear sun protection for the eyes (labelled ‘with UV protection’)
In general, the following applies to children's products:
No fragrances and colorants due to possible development of allergies Use extra waterresistant products.
Why is it possible to get sunburn despite having applied sunscreen?
Possible reasons may include not applying enough sunscreen. You should not apply less than the recommended application amount of 2 mg/cm2 (~35 mg per application). The skin type of the user also plays another important role. If you have a very fair complexion, your sun protection period is only 5 minutes. Sunscreen with a sun protection factor of 20 extends your sun exposure period accordingly, so that fair-skinned people are only protected for about 1 hour and 40 minutes. Sunscreens can also get rubbed off the skin, which limits the protection level.
Is applying sunscreen once sufficient?
No. Apply it every two hours and especially after sweating, swimming and towelling. That's how you get the highest level of sun protection. However, it doesn't mean you can stay out in the sun longer!
How much sunscreen has to be applied so that the skin is properly protected?
Sunscreen should be applied to the skin's surface at 2 mg per cm2 so that it can provide optimal and complete sun protection. A good rule of thumb is: 3 grams of creme for the face (corresponds to about a teaspoon) and 30 grams for the body (a generous two tablespoons). Not applying a sufficient layer of the product seriously reduces the sun protection factor.
Do not forget to apply sunscreen to the tips of your ears, your eyelids and the bridge of your nose because these areas get a lot of sun exposure. The neckline, forehead as well as the tops of your feet are also often neglected, as well as areas bordering your clothing, for example, under the straps of your swim suit. Your lips are the most sensitive because they are unable to build up their own protection. Use creme or gloss with an extra high sun protection factor.)
Why should I apply sunscreen before sunbathing?
Your skin can indicate sun damage even after just a few minutes. That's why it's recommended to apply a creme or gel before heading out into the sun. The new generation of sunscreens contains specific ingredients therefore they are immediately effective.
Which sun protection factor (SPF) is right?
This depends primarily on the intensity of the radiation at the location and on your sensitivity to the sun. At the beginning of a beach vacation, we recommend a higher sun protection factor; this also applies to the mountains because the intensity of the UV radiation increases with the elevation above sea level by about 10% per 1,000 meters. Also, remember sand and snow strongly reflects the sun.
What does sun protection factor (SPF) mean?
The sun protection factor extends the time it takes for the skin to turn red by a factor of X. A person who burns after 10 minutes of sun exposure without sunscreen would not get sunburn for 100 minutes using a sunscreen with a sun protection factor of 10. However, even before visible skin damage or sunburn can occur, it's the best not to stay out in the sun any more than up to 60% of this time.
Why does it say "do not store above 25° C" on some products?
We include this storage instruction to guarantee a high-quality product throughout its shelf life. At high temperatures, the product may separate. We subject all of our products to comprehensive storage tests under changing temperatures (up to 40°C) to determine how the product reacts. Short-term storage at these temperatures is possible; however, they should not be stored at these temperatures for long periods. Avoid placing products in direct sunlight (for example, at a swimming pool, at the beach or in a parked car on a hot day).
Do cosmetic ingredients enter the bloodstream?
Most cosmetic ingredients are absorbed by the outermost cell layers of the skin, and as a rule, do not enter into the body's bloodstream (only a few ingredients remain to some extent on the skin). Product ingredients applied to injured skin (for example "scratches" or atopic eczema) can enter into the bloodstream in the smallest of amounts by means of the capillaries. Clinical studies prove excellent compatibility of Eucerin® products on both sensitive and diseased skin.
Does Eucerin® have special products for babies and small children?
Although we do not have a product range designed specifically for babies and small children, some products within various ranges are suitable for them.
In the Eucerin® Dry Skin product line, Lipid Shower Oil is ideal for babies and small children. 12% Omega Lotion and 12% Omega Cream are perfect for babies and small children. For children 3 years old and over, we recommend Dry Skin Relief Hand Cream with 5% Urea as well as 20% Omega Ointment.
Can you use Eucerin® products during pregnancy?
As a manufacturer of medicinal skincare products, Beiersdorf places high demands on its products. Prior to market launch, all Eucerin® products are evaluated for safety and skin compatibility (i) with regard to the ingredients. The ingredients selected are of high quality and are permitted for cosmetic products in the concentrations used. They have also been evaluated as safe for use in skincare products. It goes without saying that during these evaluations, it is also taken into account that some of the users of our products could also be pregnant or nursing. Eucerin® products are therefore evaluated as safe under the conventional application conditions, including pregnancy and while nursing.
How can you tell whether a product is safe for sensitive skin?
If repeated application to the skin of the flexure of the elbow does not lead to redness, swelling or itching the product can be assumed as compatible with your skin.
What does non-comedogenic mean?
Simply put, it won't clog pores. The term "comedogeneity" refers to the development of blackheads (comedones) caused by skincare creams or their ingredients. Increased sebum production and the simultaneous clogging of the sebaceous glands (i) (follicles) cause the formation of comedones. The closed sebaceous glands (i) are subsequently populated by acne bacteria that form porphyrin as a metabolic product. Exposed to a special light this metabolic product produces a measurable fluorescence. This method is used to determine the non-comedogenic effect of the Eucerin face care products.
What are surfactants (i) and which ones does Eucerin® use?
Surfactants are active cleansing agents, also called active surface or active interface substances. They are organic compounds that influence the molecular adhesion on the contact surfaces of various materials (e.g. skin and dirt particles) by reducing the surface tension to ease the removal of dirt particles, for example.
Eucerin® cleansing products contain mild surfactants (i) that demonstrate excellent skin compatibility (i), documented in comprehensive clinical studies.